The attack commenced at 7:48 a.m. Hawaiian Time. The base was attacked by 353 Imperial Japanese aircraft (including fighters, level and dive bombers, and torpedo bombers) in two waves, launched from six aircraft carriers.
All eight U.S. Navy battleships were damaged, with four sunk. All but the USS Arizona were later raised, and six were returned to service and went on to fight in the war.
The Japanese also sank or damaged three cruisers, three destroyers, an anti-aircraft training ship, and one minelayer.
One hundred eighty-eight U.S. aircraft were destroyed; 2,403 Americans were killed and 1,178 others were wounded.
FDR’s “Day of Infamy Speech”
“Mr. Vice President, Mr. Speaker, Members of the Senate, and of the House of Representatives:
Yesterday, December 7th, 1941—a date which will live in infamy—the United States of America was suddenly and deliberately attacked by naval and air forces of the Empire of Japan.
The United States was at peace with that nation and, at the solicitation of Japan, was still in conversation with its government and its emperor looking toward the maintenance of peace in the Pacific.
Indeed, one hour after Japanese air squadrons had commenced bombing in the American island of Oahu, the Japanese ambassador to the United States and his colleague delivered to our Secretary of State a formal reply to a recent American message. And while this reply stated that it seemed useless to continue the existing diplomatic negotiations, it contained no threat or hint of war or of armed attack.
It will be recorded that the distance of Hawaii from Japan makes it obvious that the attack was deliberately planned many days or even weeks ago. During the intervening time, the Japanese government has deliberately sought to deceive the United States by false statements and expressions of hope for continued peace.
The attack yesterday on the Hawaiian islands has caused severe damage to American naval and military forces. I regret to tell you that very many American lives have been lost. In addition, American ships have been reported torpedoed on the high seas between San Francisco and Honolulu.
Yesterday, the Japanese government also launched an attack against Malaya.
Last night, Japanese forces attacked Hong Kong.
Last night, Japanese forces attacked Guam.
Last night, Japanese forces attacked the Philippine Islands.
Last night, the Japanese attacked Wake Island.
And this morning, the Japanese attacked Midway Island.
Japan has, therefore, undertaken a surprise offensive extending throughout the Pacific area. The facts of yesterday and today speak for themselves. The people of the United States have already formed their opinions and well understand the implications to the very life and safety of our nation.
As Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy, I have directed that all measures be taken for our defense. But always will our whole nation remember the character of the onslaught against us.
No matter how long it may take us to overcome this premeditated invasion, the American people in their righteous might will win through to absolute victory.
I believe that I interpret the will of the Congress and of the people when I assert that we will not only defend ourselves to the uttermost, but will make it very certain that this form of treachery shall never again endanger us.
Hostilities exist. There is no blinking at the fact that our people, our territory, and our interests are in grave danger.
With confidence in our armed forces, with the unbounding determination of our people, we will gain the inevitable triumph—so help us God.
I ask that the Congress declare that since the unprovoked and dastardly attack by Japan on Sunday, December 7th, 1941, a state of war has existed between the United States and the Japanese empire.”
Below is the USS Arizona during the attack:
Arizona Memorial, Pearl Harbor
A rescue boat retrieves a seaman from the burning USS West Virginia.
Utah Was the “Not So Famous” Battleship Sunk During the Pearl Harbor Attack
A general view of Pearl Harbor after it had been attacked by the Japanese. Smoke pours from USS Shaw (center right) while the minelayer USS Oglana lies capsized in the foreground.
The USS California sank into Pearl Harbor mud as crew members clambered down the sides of the battered warship to waiting boats. Black, oily smoke concealed nearly half its hulk
The crew of the USS Oklahoma did everything they could to fight back. In the first ten minutes of the battle, though, eight torpedoes hit the Oklahoma,and she began to capsize. A ninth torpedo would hit her as she sunk in the mud. 14 Marines, and 415 sailors would give their lives. 32 men were cut out through the hull while the others were beneath the waterline. Banging could be heard for over 3 days and then there was silence.
Battleship USS Nevada underway during the Pearl Harbor attack
Smoldering U. Navy Hangar at Naval Air Station, Kaneohe Bay, Oahu…
The USS Tennessee was berthed in Battleship Row on the south side of Ford Island, when the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
She was in a nested pair with the USS West Virginia and since she was moored inboard, she was protected from the torpedo attack
The photo below shows three battleships after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. Starting from the left is the sunken USS West Virginia, the damaged USS Tennessee, and the sunken USS Arizona.
I hope you found the images and information interesting. I know I learned a lot finding them.
We survived that dastardly attack. We came out stronger. I’m sure we can survive again. Now we need to convince a whole lot of young people that they live in the greatest country in the world and that they need to do all they can to protect it and our freedoms. Freedoms so many gave their all that we might live and thrive.
No one has ever done it better than Kate Smith to say:
This is, as always, an